The Bulgars & Bulgarians: History of Bulgaria

Who are the Bulgarians? A look into Bulgarian History


0:16 The Bulgars 2:35 The Rise of the Bulgarian Empire 6:07 Christianization of Bulgaria 9:10 The Fall of the Bulgarian Empire 12:21 The Second Bulgarian Empire 15:36 Modern Bulgaria

Firesong by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (

Heavy Interlude by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (

Journey in the New World by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (

Flutey Sting by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (

Willow and the Light Kevin MacLeod (
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License

Mighty and Meek by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (



    1. Any and all hate speech will be deleted.
    2. This is considered "official history" based on mainly non-Balkan historians.
    3. "Turkic" refers to nomadic tribes from the Eurasian steppes that spoke Turkic languages – NOT Turkish from Turkey.
    4. There is no concrete evidence of significant Thracian influence in the Bulgarian ethnogenesis although undoubtedly Bulgarians or at least the local Slavs absorbed the remaining Thracians which influenced the grammar of the Bulgarian language making it more similar to Albanian than to other Slavic languages, the so-called "Balkan sprachbund".

  2. Balçık, bal, balık who understands turkic knows that bolgar/balkar means 100% “mixed” by the way the word “balkan” has the same roots, turks used the word “bal” for everything being “soggy and sticky and populous areas” so basically places where many people lived, or places with many trees, or even mixed people. Just “bal” means honey. We call little kiddies “bala”

  3. Ciril and Metodi did not create the cirilic alphabet. They created glagolica and this is what you show in the video. The so called cirilic was created by Kliment under the order of the bulgarian tzar. Therefore it is not correct to be called cirilic. This is official history.

  4. I believe Bulgars are Scythian in origin, therefore they can not be of Turkic or Chinese origin. In modern times they may have intermingled with some of the Turkic tribes (Ottamans after the rise of Islam , i.e 7th century AD) who now occupy the country of Turkey.

    Please provide genetic proof about your allegation that Bulgars are of Chinese or Turkic extraction prior to 7th century AD.

  5. when are people going to realize that both capitalism and socialism have failed and the only form of government that works is government by khan?


  7. Population genetic analysis indicated that Conquerors had closest connection to the Onogur-Bulgar ancestors of Volga Tatars.

    Neparáczki, E., Maróti, Z., Kalmár, T. et al. Y-chromosome haplogroups from Hun, Avar and conquering Hungarian period nomadic people of the Carpathian Basin. Sci Rep 9, 16569 (2019).

    Thus supporting the view that Tatars may be descendents of ancient Bulgars.

    Suslova TA, Burmistrova AL, Chernova MS, Khromova EB, Lupar EI, Timofeeva SV, Devald IV, Vavilov MN, Darke C. HLA gene and haplotype frequencies in Russians, Bashkirs and Tatars, living in the Chelyabinsk Region (Russian South Urals). Int J Immunogenet. 2012 Oct;39(5):394-408. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-313X.2012.01117.x. Epub 2012 Apr 20. PMID: 22520580.

    Onogur-Bulgars had been part of the Hunnic people, and after the death of Attila’s son Irnik, European Hun remains fused with the Onogurs.

    Mitogenomic data indicate admixture components of Central-Inner Asian and Srubnaya origin in the conquering Hungarians

    Neparáczki E, Maróti Z, Kalmár T, Kocsy K, Maár K, et al. (2018) Mitogenomic data indicate admixture components of Central-Inner Asian and Srubnaya origin in the conquering Hungarians. PLOS ONE 13(10): e0205920.

    However, given the common Turkic genetic background of the Bulgars and Khazars, these ethnicities may be difficult to tell apart either archaeologically or genetically.

    Mikheyev, Alexander & Qiu, Lijun & Zarubin, A. & Moshkov, Nikita & Orlov, Yuri & Chartier, Duane & Faleeva, T. & Kornienko, Igor & Klyuchnikov, Vladimir & Batieva, Elena & Tatarinova, Tatiana. (2019). Diverse genetic origins of medieval steppe nomad conquerors. 10.1101/2019.12.15.876912.

    The Volga Tatars live in the central and eastern parts of European Russia and in western Siberia. They are the descendants of the Bulgar and Kipchak Turkic tribes who inhabited the western wing of the Mongol Empire, the area of the middle Volga River.

    Malyarchuk B, Derenko M, Denisova G, Kravtsova O. Mitogenomic diversity in Tatars from the Volga-Ural region of Russia. Mol Biol Evol. 2010 Oct;27(10):2220-6. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msq065. Epub 2010 May 10. PMID: 20457583.

    Science, 14 February 2014, Vol. 343 no. 6172, p. 751, A Genetic Atlas of Human Admixture History, Garrett Hellenthal at al.: " CIs. for the admixture time(s) overlap but predate the Mongol empire, with estimates from 440 to 1080 CE (Fig.3.) In each population, one source group has at least some ancestry related to Northeast Asians, with ~2 to 4% of these groups total ancestry linking directly to East Asia. This signal might correspond to a small genetic legacy from invasions of peoples from the Asian steppes (e.g., the Huns, Magyars, and Bulgars) during the first millennium CE."

    Around 4% of Bulgarian genes are derived outside of Europe and the Middle East or are of undetermined origin (by 858 CE), of which 2.3% are from Northeast Asia and correspond to Asian tribes such as Bulgars,[13] a consistent very low frequency for Eastern Europe as far as Uralic-speaking Hungarians.

  8. Ibn Fadlan served as the group's religious advisor, a crucial role: among the purposes of their mission was to explain Islamic Law to the recently converted Bulgar peoples, a Turkish tribe living on the eastern bank of the Volga River. (These were the Volga Bulgars; another group of Bulgars had moved westward in the sixth century, invading the country that today bears their name, and became Christians.)

    The Volga Bulgars, a Turkish tribe then living on the east bank of the Volga River, … the laws of Islam to the Bulgars, who had recently converted to the religion.

    Ahmad ibn Fadlan, the wayfarer, served as the secretary of an embassy sent by the Caliph al- Muqtadir to the king of the Turkish Bulgars then living on the lower reaches of the Volga River north of the Caspian Sea.

    “THE BIG CHILL.” Cotton, Climate, and Camels in Early Islamic Iran: A Moment in World History, by Richard W. Bulliet, Columbia University Press, NEW YORK, 2009, pp. 69–95.

  9. Bulgaria at this time had acquired some traits typical of a barbarian state,because the bellicose tribe of the Bulgars had imported the Turkic traditions of the great steppe into the Balkans.

    The Old Testament in Byzantium Edited by Paul Magdalino Robert S. Nelson Washington, D.C. :Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection : Distributed by Harvard University Press, c2010. pp. 255

    The Bulgars were a Turkic tribal confederation that gave rise to the Balkan Bulgar and Volga Bulgar states. The ethnonym derives from the Turkish bulgha-, "to stir, mix, disturb, confuse." The confederation appears to have taken shape among Oghur tribes in the Kazakh steppes following the migrations that were touched off by movements of the Hsiung-nu. Later Byzantine sources (Agathon, Nicephorus Patriarchus, Theophanes) closely associate or identify the Bulgars with the Onoghurs, who were enemies of Sassanid Iran in the late 4th century. When or how this connection developed is unclear. If we discount several (most probably) anachronistic notices on the Bulgars in Moses Kliorenats'i (Moses of Chorene), the earliest references to them are perhaps to be found in an anonymous Latin chronograph of 354: "Vulgares." They are absent from Priscus's account of the migration, ca. 463, of the Oghuric Turks into the Pontic steppes, but by 480 they are noted under their own name as allies of Constantinople against the Ostrogoths. Amity with Byzantium was short-lived. By 489 the Bulgars had initiated a series of raids on Byzantine Balkan possessions. Their habitat, at this stage, appears to have been in the eastern Pontic steppes stretch-ing into the Azov region and North Caucasus. It is here that Jordanes and Pseudo-Zacharius Ithetor place them in the mid-6th century. Shortly afterward, they were overrun and subjugated by the Avars and then the Turks. When Turk rule weakened, sometime after 600, the Avars appear to have reestablished some control over the region. It was against Avar rule that the Bulgars-under their leader Qubrat, whom Heraclius had been cultivating for some rime (he and his uncle were baptized in Constantinople to 619)—revolted ca. 631-632 and founded the Onoghundur-Bulgar state. Some time after Qubrat's death (660s), this Pontic – Maeotun Bulgaria, whose Balkan descendents would also claim Attilid origins, came into conflict with the Khazar khaganate, successor to the Turk empire in western Eurasia. The Khazars emerged victorious from the contest, and parts of the Bulgar union broke up and migrated. One grouping under Asperukh in 679 crossed the Danube into Moesia and, having subjugated a local Slavic confederatton, there laid the foundation for the Balkan Bulgarian state. Yet other groups joined the Avar state in Pannonia (where some would prove to be rebellious subjects or took up restience in Italy around the five Rasennate cities, to live as Byzantine subjects.The other Bulgars either remained in the Pontic steppe zone the (the “Black Bulgars” of Byzantine and Rus’ sources) or later migrated (perhaps as early as the mid-7th century or as late as the mid-8th to early 9th century) to the middle Volga region, giving rise there to the Volga Bulgarian state, which remained, however a vassal of the Khazars. Balkan Bulgaria soon became an important element in Byzantine politics, on occasion supporting contestants to the throne and also helping to defeat the Arab attack on Constantinople of 717-18.The iconoclastic Emperor Constantine (741-775) began a series of wars against them that remained a constant theme of Byzantine-Bulgarian relations until the destruction of the first Bulgarian empire by Basil II (976-1025).In 864 the Bulgarian king Boris, outmaneuvered by Constantinople, converted to Christianity. Thereafter, the Turkic Bulgars underwent Slavicization, and Balkan Bulgaria became one of the centers of medieval Slavic. The Volga Bulgars, however, converted to Islam in the early 10th century and created a highly sophisticated, urbane, mercantile Muslim society that, after stout resistance, was conquered by the Mongols in the early 13th century.

    Bowersock, Glen W. & al. Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World pp.354 Harvard University Press, 1999. ISBN 0-674-51173-5.

    At the time,the new Khazar qaganate was expanding westward,squeezing out the Onogurs,or Bulghars as they begin to be named. One of the Kuvrat’s sons,the Asparuch (Asparux,Isperih) now celebrated as the founder of Bulgaria,forcibly crossed to the Danube arpund 679 to occupy imperial territory Moesia after defeating the forces of Constantine IV (668-685). The event is recorded in the preserved text of a Hebrew letter of a Khazar qahan,who wrote that the Vununtur(=Onogurs=Bulghars) has fled across the Duna,the Danube. Even if numerous for the steppe,Asparuch’s pastoralist warriors and their families were of necessity relatively few as compared to the agricultural Slav population that lived south of the Danube,and thus the Turkic-speaking Bulghars were assimilated linguistically by the Slav majority to form the medieval and modern Bulgarians. This particular ethnogenesis occuree gradually over a period of more than two centuries: there was the Turkic qan (or khan) Krum (803-814),Qan Omurtag (814-831),Qan Presian (836-852),then the wan who converted Boris I (852-889);then came Tsar Symeon (893-923), Tsar Peter I (927-970),and so on.But this transformation of Turkic shamanists into Slavic Christians did nothing to diminish the warlike character of the empire’s new neighbours. Because even warlike neighbours can be useful at times,the relations between the empire and the new Bulghar qaganate encompassed every possible variation,from intimate allience to all out-war,as exemplified by the career of the Bulghar qan or khan Tervel (or Tarvel-Terbelis in our Greek sources),the successor and probably son of Asparukh who ruled for some twenty-one years within the period 695-721,extant chronologies being inconsistent.

    “Bulghars and Bulgarians.” The Grand Strategy of the Byzantine Empire, by EDWARD N. LUTTWAK, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts; London, England, 2009, pp. 173

  10. Serbia never played an important factor in the Middle Ages. The only significant forces then were Byzantium, Bulgaria and the Arab invasions. Whatever you say about Bulgaria is irrelevant to the facts – BULGARIA WAS A GREAT EMPIRE AND POWER.

  11. Very good documentary my friend but i would really lke to know where you got those pictures from that you used in it for educational purpose.


Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.